Eat Nuts, Live Longer

About a week ago, I wrote an article ("Nuts to You"). In this article, I mentioned that the New England Journal of Medicine indicated (via the Harvard School of Public Health) that nuts might improve your health. Here's a bit more about the study.

The New England Journal of Medicine has suggested that eating nuts has been associated with a reduced risk of major chronic diseases. They ran a study of almost 120,000 adults -- about 64% were female. The study nutstook place over a 25 year period. During the study, about 27,000 (or 23%) of the population died. They noted that there was a significant inverse associations between nut consumption and deaths due to cancer, heart disease, and respiratory disease from their population. That suggests that those who did not eat nuts were considerably more likely to have died than those who did eat nuts.

Vegans and everyone else ought to be consuming nuts on a regular basis.

Here's the abstract:

BACKGROUND

Increased nut consumption has been associated with a reduced risk of major chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the association between nut consumption and mortality remains unclear.

METHODS

We examined the association between nut consumption and subsequent total and cause-specific mortality among 76,464 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1980–2010) and 42,498 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986–2010). Participants with a history of cancer, heart disease, or stroke were excluded. Nut consumption was assessed at baseline and updated every 2 to 4 years.

RESULTS

During 3,038,853 person-years of follow-up, 16,200 women and 11,229 men died. Nut consumption was inversely associated with total mortality among both women and men, after adjustment for other known or suspected risk factors. The pooled multivariate hazard ratios for death among participants who ate nuts, as compared with those who did not, were 0.93 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.90 to 0.96) for the consumption of nuts less than once per week, 0.89 (95% CI, 0.86 to 0.93) for once per week, 0.87 (95% CI, 0.83 to 0.90) for two to four times per week, 0.85 (95% CI, 0.79 to 0.91) for five or six times per week, and 0.80 (95% CI, 0.73 to 0.86) for seven or more times per week (P<0.001 for trend). Significant inverse associations were also observed between nut consumption and deaths due to cancer, heart disease, and respiratory disease.

CONCLUSIONS

In two large, independent cohorts of nurses and other health professionals, the frequency of nut consumption was inversely associated with total and cause-specific mortality, independently of other predictors of death. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and the International Tree Nut Council Nutrition Research and Education Foundation.)

source: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1307352#t=abstract

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